Most homebuyers are familiar with the term "LTV." They are aware that it is the percentage of home equity that the buyer has secured against the mortgage. However, many buyers are unfamiliar with the other factors that go into determining a mortgage's appropriate level of LTV. Here are several:The loan-to-values (LTV) ratio refers to the ratio of mortgage debt to the overall value of the property. For instance, if a bank gives a mortgage worth forty percent of the assessed value of property, then the LTV ratio is generally close to 1.5. In general, as LTV tends to increase, the risk to the lender increases, which increases the cost of the mortgage. This is commonly used in California, where foreclosures are typically associated with very high levels of home-equity.Another factor affecting the LTV ratio is the rate of return on loans. If the mortgage is secured against the home price, then the borrower is not required to borrow additional funds to pay back the mortgage. As long as the mortgage payment is sufficient and the interest rate is competitive, borrowers can choose between a variety of repayment plans. For instance, they may borrow extra money monthly to pay down their principle rather than borrow a larger amount monthly to pay down the principal and interest over a longer time period. However, when the mortgage payment is too high or when interest rates are low, borrowers must use their credit cards or other available funds to pay off their debts and liquidate their home.A home price that is above the existing market will generally result in an increased level of LTV. When a home price drops below the appraised value, lenders will require a higher percentage of the home's appraised value in order to qualify for a mortgage. Borrowers who have access to a large amount of capital and timely access to funds will usually be able to obtain loans with a higher percentage of the home's value. This is because the lender is assuming more of the risk of lending the money than it would if the mortgage lender were to look at the home's value on its own.Another way of looking at the relationship between the loan amount and LTV is to consider the mortgage payment as divided into a number of smaller payments. Each of these smaller payments has a lower percentage of the total mortgage balance. Therefore, if the total mortgage balance is relatively small, it will take longer to repay the mortgage and therefore add to the total amount of LTV. Another way of looking at the relationship between the loan amount and LTV is to assume that each payment is independent of the others. For instance, a borrower who makes a regular payment of two thousand dollars a month will have a greater percentage of their LTV applied to interest.To determine what proportion of the loan amount goes to interest and what proportion goes to the outstanding balance, you need to multiply the mortgage rate by the amount of your loan and the number of monthly payments. The resulting figure will be your LTV ratio. Your lender should be able to provide you with information on how the low ratio is calculated. The calculator that they provide to you is an automated version that can be used online or by a qualified loan officer.There are several different ways of helping to calculate the LTV ratio. One way is to use the amortization table in the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FRFA) website. The table shows how long it takes to pay off a mortgage and the loan-to-values that you should use in your calculation. Another way of calculating LTV is to assume that all purchases will be financed. This means that the amount of money borrowed will include any interest that are paid on the purchase, as well as any repayments that are made over time.If the amount of your loan balance, the interest rate, as well as the total amount you borrow, remain the same after the repayments have been made for five years, your LTV ratio is calculated at 100%. If the amount of your loan balance decreases during this period, your LTV ratio gradually decreases. If the interest rate increases, your LTV ratio also increases. As the amount of your monthly payment decreases, your LTV ratio gradually decreases until it reaches the equilibrium point. In order to get the best value for your money, it may be wise to refinance for a fixed rate loan balance, with a longer term, and pay less interest overall. This will ensure that your LTV ratio is always exactly what you were hoping for.